2017年02期

赵丽娜,田焕新,万阳,许清海,周忠泽.山西太岳山区植物的花粉形态及其古环境意义[J].微体古生物学报, 2017, 34(02): 123-150.

ZHAO Lina,TIAN Huanxin,WAN Yang,XU Qinghai,ZHOU Zhongze.STUDY ON THE POLLEN MORPHOLOGY OF PLANTS FROM THE TAIYUE MOUNTAIN, SHANXI PROVINCE, NORTH CHINA AND ITS PALEOENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATION[J].Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica, 2017, 34(02): 123-150.

山西太岳山区植物的花粉形态及其古环境意义
赵丽娜 1 田焕新 1 万阳 1 许清海 2 周忠泽 1 *
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+ 作者地址

1安徽大学资源与环境工程学院, 合肥 230601

2河北师范大学资源与环境科学学院, 石家庄 050024

应用光学显微镜和扫描电子显微镜对中国山西太岳山区秋季开花的25科74属88种(含2变种)植物的花粉形态进行了观察和研究,并对花粉形态进行了细致的描述。结果表明:花粉粒以近球形(56.8%)和椭球形(27.3%)为主,其它还有球形、扁球形。花粉粒中P/E值最大的为卷丹( Lilium lancifolium)和山西独活( Heracleum schansianum Fedde ex Wolff),均为1.89,最小的为高山露珠草( Circaea alpina L.)0.71;最大的花粉为卷丹117.5×62.3 μm,最小的为穗花马先蒿( Pedicularis spicata Pall.)14.5×14.2 μm。花粉萌发孔以3孔沟(35.2%)和3沟(26.1%)为主,还有少量的为3合沟、2合沟、散孔、3孔、6沟、单沟、3(-4)孔沟、4沟等类型。外壁纹饰以细网状(46.6%)、长刺状(17.0%)和颗粒状(13.6%)为主,其他还有粗网状、条纹-穿孔、棒状、微刺状、微刺-颗粒等。本研究还对同科不同属、同属不同种、同种不同地区的花粉形态进行了比较讨论,研究结果可为太岳山区化石花粉的准确鉴定提供鉴别指南和标准对照图谱。同时本文还探讨了该区植物花粉尤其是菊科3个主要花粉类型的古环境意义,为利用地层中相应化石花粉重建古气候、古环境提供现代孢粉学资料和依据。
语种: 中文   
基金: 国家自然科学基金(41072251、41171166)、教育部博士点基金(20123401110005)共同资助。
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