2017年02期

张楷婧,张鸿鹏,赵黎,朱清乔,介冬梅,刘洪妍,刘利丹,李楠楠,高桂在,高玉山,王晓蕊.吉林省松原市不同品种玉米穗、叶植硅体形态组合特征研究[J].微体古生物学报, 2017, 34(02): 111-122.

ZHANG Kaijing,ZHANG Hongpeng,ZHAO Li,ZHU Qingqiao,JIE Dongmei,LIU Hongyan,LIU Lidan,LI Nannan,GAO Guizai,GAO Yushan,WANG Xiaorui.RESEARCH OF PHYTOLITH ASSEMBLAGES IN SPIKES AND LEAVES OF VARIOUS MAIZE IN SONGYUAN CITY, JILIN PROVINCE, NORTHEAST CHINA[J].Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica, 2017, 34(02): 111-122.

吉林省松原市不同品种玉米穗、叶植硅体形态组合特征研究
张楷婧 1 张鸿鹏 1 赵黎 1 朱清乔 1 介冬梅 1 2 3 * 刘洪妍 1 2 3 刘利丹 1 2 3 李楠楠 1 2 3 高桂在 1 2 3 高玉山 1 4 王晓蕊 1
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+ 作者地址

1东北师范大学地理科学学院, 长春 130024

2 国家环境保护湿地生态与植被恢复重点实验室, 长春 130024

3 东北师范大学草地研究所植被生态科学教育部重点实验室, 长春 130024

4 吉林省农业科学院农业环境与资源研究中心, 公主岭 136100

玉米( Zea maysL.)作为禾本科一年生的植物,是东北地区最主要的粮食作物之一。本文通过选取吉林省松原市乾安地区21个玉米品种进行植硅体分析,试图探讨玉米不同部位(穗、叶)主要植硅体类型的变化规律。分别在穗中、叶中、整个植株中提取并鉴定植硅体10 311粒、10 466粒、8 530粒。结果表明,21个玉米品种中,植硅体形态基本相同,相比于其它植物玉米十字型植硅体含量十分丰富,常见的还有哑铃型、帽型、棒型等;不同部位植硅体总浓度差异较大,存在有穗中 > 叶中 > 整株中的规律;不同部位不同类型植硅体的百分含量及十字型植硅体的大小有显著差别。穗中十字型含量较多,叶中十字型和帽型含量较多;镜下测量结果显示,叶中十字型植硅体比穗中十字型植硅体大。此外,不同品种中十字型植硅体宽度差异较大,其可能与不同玉米品种的抗逆性有关。本文研究结果可为鉴别玉米与其它禾本科植物提供依据,也为玉米种间差异及抗逆性研究提供了基础资料,同时亦可为探究玉米起源、环境考古等方面的研究提供参考。
语种: 中文   
基金: 国家自然科学基金项目(41471164)、国家重点研发计划(2016YFA0602301)、环保行业公益项目(201...
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